Genesis Through Joshua- Exodus: Overview

The Extrinsic Agents
1) Authorship
Remember the JEDP authors. We reject this on the basis of previous reasons.
Moses was the author. He used aural sources for the events not in his memory.

Exodus includes 2 separate documents:
Then 10 commandments, Exodus 20
The book of the Covenant, Exodus 21-24

2) Date of writing
Exodus 16:35 tells us that the Israelites ate manna for 40 years. Meaning this book was a second-generation book. See also Joshua 5:10-12.

This book was written when the Israelites were at the border of Canaan.
Scriptures in exodus tend to indicate that the book was written for the second generation who were faced with the task of going into Canaan.

Approaches to the text
We will be using an approach of literary analysis. This approach asks these questions:
Why does Moses write down these events? What was Moses teaching the 2nd generation?

Different approaches to the Structure of the Book.

Geographical approach:
Israel in Egypt
Israel in the wilderness
Israel at Sinai

Thematic approach:
18-24 Torah and its precepts
25-43 The tabernacle and its services

Dr Pratt’s approach:
1-18 Deliverance of Israel under Moses
19-24 The Covenant law under Moses
25-43 Covenant worship under Moses

The Message of Exodus
1) Original message
The people were saying: ‘why should we follow Moses?’
Moses’ leadership is continually questioned.

The original message tells us that God Himself has authorised the whole Mosaic programme.

2) The message for us today
The three major themes:
1-18 Deliverance
19-24 Law
25-43 Worship

Jesus has come to fulfil the book of Exodus. Moses has affirmed what Moses said. Christ is our leader. We follow everything He teaches as it is rooted in Moses. Christ has applied the Mosaic themes (deliverance, law, and worship) to His kingdom. We praise you King Jesus!!


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