Biblical Theology 7: Biblical Theology of the Gospels 3

Biblical Theology of Jesus and the Gospels- Survey in Matthew Contd
Jesus is the new latter day Moses who leads Israel back to GodMatthew 8:1-4Jesus heals a leper like Moses didMatthew 8:4 'offer the gift Moses commanded'Moses is named identifying Jesus and MosesJesus quietens storms and does miracles over the sea like Moses doesThe beatitudes begin and end with the KingdomThe tone of the Lord's prayer is the KingdomThe kingdom never fully came in the gospels:Mat 3:2 'repent for the Kingdom of heaven is at hand'- or the Kingdom of heaven is nearMat 4:17 'repent for the Kingdom of heaven is at hand'the idea of nearness in the verses means that something has started but isn't fully in operationIs 9:2, 3, 6 'people who walked in darkness... you have multiplied the nation... for to us a child is born'Is 9 is quoted in Mat 4 to say that Jesus has begun to fulfill the prophecy. Is 9 is not yet completely fulfilled as the passage refers to subduing the …

Biblical Theology 6: Biblical Theology of the Gospels 2

Biblical Theology of Jesus and the Gospels- Survey in Matthew Contd
3:13-15What does it mean that Jesus must be baptised to fulfill all righteousness?Israel was baptised in the sea 1 Cor 10Baptism is a water ordeal- the flood resulted in Noah and his families blessing. The water meant vindication for Noah and his family and judegement for everyone elseIsrael went safely through the red sea, the Egyptians were judged 2nd generation Israel go trough the Jordan (Joshua 5:1)By getting baptised, Jesus is identifying with sinners. He is about to work all righteousness for us. By baptism Jesus is to be confirmed to be a light to the nations. Matt 3:9 Israel is tree that are about to be cut off. From 70AD blood Israelite's can't be traced as records were kept in the temple.3:16-17a dove comes down like the dove that arrives in the time of Noah1 Peter 3 links the flood with baptismIs 63:11-14Isaiah is talking about Israel being in exile. They rejected the Spirit who gave manna. Is 64 is…

Biblical Theology 5: Inaugurated Eschatology 5, Biblical Theology of the Gospels 1

The Son of Man in the gospels as a beginning fulfillment of the great tribulation prophecy in Daniel 7 Contd

Recap from last lecture
Daniel 7:1-14 picture a 'son of man' in a vision. In the interpretation from v15 there's no mention of the 'son of man' instead 'the Israelite saints rule in the Kingdom'. Conclusion: the son of man is corporate IsraelLuke 7:34-35 'the son of man has come' in an illusion to Dan 7:13 'there came one like a son of man'Jesus fulfills the Daniel 7 prophecy therefore he is the true IsraelHe fulfills the the pattern of Daniel 7: suffering (the great tribulation), trial, then gaining a KingdomThe son of man can also be interpreted as a individualThe church is the body of Christ and therefore will suffer their tribulation and persecution in order to gain a Kingdomselective suffering as Jesus had individual trialsuniversal suffering as Jesus body fully suffered on the cross (Rev 11:7-19, Rev 20:7-15)Three signs in the OT …

Biblical Theology 4: Inaugurated Eschatology 4

The Great Tribulation: when does it begin and what difference does it make? Contd

Links between 2 Thes 2 and 1 John 2:18
both develop what Daniel 7-12 says in the light of Jesus' teachings2 Thes 2 talks about a man of lawlessness that will be revealed in the end time. In John 'sin is lawlessness'both passages are set in an end time context Both contain deception2 Thes 2:4 is a clear illusion  to Daniel 11:36 2 Thes 2 Some thought the end had already come. Paul corrects in v3. The falling away comes first and the man of lawlessness needs to be revealedv4 'temple of God' is found ten times in the NT. Every time with one exception the phrase refers to a non-literal temple. The exception is when Christ talks about his body as a temple.The temple of God in Paul is always the church. The man of lawlessness will have substantial influence in the church of God.v3 the falling away (apostasy) comes in the church before the end and then the appearance of the end time opponent c…

Biblical Theology 3: Inaugurated Eschatology 3

According to Beale, eschatology is the chord that pulls all the doctrines of scripture together. Eschatology makes sense of all other teaching. 
The use of the phrase 'latter days' in the NT inside of Paul
1 Cor 10:11-These thing happened as an example on whom the ends of the ages have come'The end of the ages have come on the CorinthiansGal 4:4 'but when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth his Son..'Eschatology can refer to the pastJesus is THE son who has perfectly fulfilled what a son should be. Adam was God's son (end of Luke 3). Eph 1:10 'making knownto us the mystery of his will, according to his purpose, which he set forth in Christ as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and on earth'To sum up means to rule and organise it- Jesus will manage humanity like no-one else God's household is in disorder and Christ will come back and put it in orderNot just the future because v22 'he put all thi…

Biblical Theology 2: Inaugurated Eschatology 2

The use of the phrase 'latter days' in the NT outside of Paul

Acts 2:17- quoted in Joel 2. 'it will be in the last days'Spirit to be poured forthVisions, dreams, wonders, prophecyJoel 2:28 doesn't use 'latter days' but 'after this' Peter is interpreting Joel 2. He sees Joel as conceptually referring to the latter daysEnd of the world language is used when evil empires fallThe language points to the final end of the worldThe Jews would have thought that the beginning of the resurrection is occurring from the text. Paul talks about the resurrection of Christ being the start of the new creationWe are in the latter days due to the resurrection of Jesus. The end time prophecy's are starting to be fulfilledJesus resurrection is the beginning of the resurrection of Israel. When scripture says 'Pour out Spirit on all flesh' means all flesh in Israel. Hosea 6:2 'after two days he will revive us'. Jesus resurrection is Israel's resurrec…

Biblical Theology 1: Introduction and Inaugurated Eschatology 1

Purposes of the course:
to become more familiar with the relevant literature especially with respect to the different ways of doing theologyto show how interpreting the Bible relates to biblical theologyto understand the theological relationship between the OT and the NTto understand the NT theology of the kingdom, inaugurated, and the new creationInaugurated eschatology- already and not yet eschatology in the NT
The use of the term 'latter days' in the OT
Genesis 49v1 'days to come' ESV should be 'in the end of days' or 'end days'. Eschatology begins in the OT. Phrase refers to the tribes of Israel and their destiny. First time this phrase occurs. NASB has the phrase. v10 has been understood as a about the messiah for the Jews 'and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples'v22, 25-26 reference to fruitfulness of Joseph- prophecy of the new creationWe need to know Hebrew and Greek so that we don't miss key phrasesNumbers 24:14 &…

Judges through Poets 14b- Psalm 110 contd and Psalm 137

Psalm 110 1(A)The LORD says to my Lord: (B)"Sit at my right hand,
(C)until I make your enemies your(D)footstool." 2The LORD sends forth(E)from Zion
(F)your mighty scepter.
(G)Rule in the midst of your enemies!3(H)

Judges through Poets 14b- Psalm T23 contd and Psalm 110

Psalm 23 ContdStructure:V1-4 The Great MetaphorV5-6 The Shift in the Great Metaphor The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. [2] He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters. [3] He restores my soul. He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name's sake. [4] Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. [5] You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows. [6] Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life, and I shall dwell in the house of the LORD forever. (Psa…