Thursday, 26 March 2009

Judges through Poets- 8a Solomon and the Seperation of Israel and Judah

The Reign of Solomon
2 Sam 12:24-25
David names his son Solomon. Solomon comes from Shalom meaning peace.
‘Now the LORD loved him’ The word love is used three times in the accounts of Samuel: 2 Sam 12:24 (YHWH loved Solomon, 1 Kings 3:3 (Solomon loved YHWH), 1 Kings 11:1 (Solomon loves many foreign women).

‘Jedidiah’ = ‘Beloved of YHWH’
This could have been Solomon’s throne or royal name.

1 Kings 1
Adonijah wants the throne

2 Kings 1:7
A new king was recognised by riding a mule

1 Kings 3:11-13
Solomon primary aim was to make the government strong. He made Israel into 12 districts. He was concerned about the internal aspect of Israel. David was more concerned about the external issues of Israel.

The districts are found in 1 Kings 4
Judah is left out of this list

Solomon constructed a magnificent temple and built fortresses.
The period of Solomon’s reign was a prosperous time for the nation.
He organised economic expeditions.

Nationally Israel was doing well.

What problems did Solomon have?
1 Kings 3:1
Now Solomon made a treaty with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and married Pharaoh’s daughter; then he brought her to the City of David until he had finished building his own house, and the house of the LORD, and the wall all around Jerusalem.

Solomon sins in marrying a non-Israelite. Solomon married and covenanted with an Egyptian lady. Solomon is acting like the pagan kings.

1 Kings 11:1-2
But King Solomon loved many foreign women, as well as the daughter of Pharaoh: women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites— 2 from the nations of whom the LORD had said to the children of Israel, “You shall not intermarry with them, nor they with you. Surely they will turn away your hearts after their gods.” Solomon clung to these in love.

The foreign women cause him to stumble spiritually.
Solomon clung to these in love. The word ‘clung’ here is the same word used in Gen 2:24 about marriage.

Then Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the abomination of Moab, on the hill that is east of Jerusalem, and for Molech the abomination of the people of Ammon. 8 And he did likewise for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and sacrificed to their gods.

Solomon became syncretistic to the god’s of his wives.

1 Kings 6:38-7:1 we see Solomon’s priority in building his own house

The Separation of Israel and Judah
The separation of Judah and Israel did not begin at the death of Solomon. Rather this event was an out growth of the historical division between the tribes.

Isaiah 11:13- Isaiah speaks of Judah’s harassment of Ephraim.

Gen 48:14 Jacob calls Joseph to bring his two sons to him to bless the firstborn. Ephraim takes the place of the first born (symbolised by the crossing over of the hands).

Gen 49:22-26 Ephraim (Joseph’s first born) is a privileged tribe

Judah gets the first allotment in Joshua
In Joshua 16:5 Ephraim gets the 2nd allotment

Joshua 18:5 And they shall divide it into seven parts. Judah shall remain in their territory on the south, and the house of Joseph shall remain in their territory on the north.

Thursday, 5 March 2009

Judges through Poets- 7b David and Absalom

2 Sam 14:33 Absalom gives the appearance of submission, sorrow and repentance.
In chapter 15 Absalom tries to take the throne from his father David.

Psalm 3 tells us about David’s understanding about the situation with Absalom.

2 Sam 15:1-6
Absalom wickedly wants to take the Kingdom from his father. It is a plan of deception.

2 Sam 15:30
David weeps in agony.

2 Sam 17:12
Absalom plots to chase David and kill him. Absalom’s desire and passion is to kill his father.

Psalm 3
David’s explanation of his circumstances from a human perspective

1 LORD, how they have increased who trouble me!
Many are they who rise up against me.

Most people in Israel were following Absalom. 1 Sam 15:12
Enmity is not a strange thing. Believers should expect great hostility (1 Peter 4:12)

2 Many are they who say of me,
“There is no help for him in God.” Selah

From a human perspective it seems that there is no hope for David. It seems that God has forsaken Him.
3 But You, O LORD, are a shield for me, My glory and the One who lifts up my head.

In the midst of affliction David turns to the Lord in whom he has complete trust and confidence.
YHWH is a shield ‘for me’. He is David’s protector. Shields in these days covered the whole body.
David can claim that God is his glory and treasure even in the hardest circumstances.

4 I cried to the LORD with my voice,
And He heard me from His holy hill. Selah

David resorts to prayer. He cries to the Lord because God is a prayer- answering God.
5 I lay down and slept; I awoke, for the LORD sustained me.

David wakes up form sleep because the Lord causes him to wake up.
6 I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people Who have set themselves against me all around.
‘ten thousands’ here is an innumerable figure.
7 Arise, O LORD; Save me, O my God! For You have struck all my enemies on the cheekbone; You have broken the teeth of the ungodly. 8 Salvation belongs to the LORD. Your blessing is upon Your people. Selah

Tuesday, 3 March 2009

Judges through Poets- 7a The Kingship of David Continued

David’s early successes: 2 Samuel 1-10 (lecture 6b)
David’s grievous sins: 11-12
David’s sorrow and repentance: 13- 24

David’s Grievous Sins, Sorrow and Repentance
2 Sam 11:1
David stays in Jerusalem when he should have been going out to battle
David commits adultery with Bathsheba then plots to kill Uriah. David’s sin was a planned sin.

Even though David sinned. David’s faith in God is testified in his works. David has genuine sorrow in his disobedience.

2 Sam 12- David’s response to Nathan’s confrontation
2 Sam 12:13, David response to sin, “I have sinned against the LORD.”

1 Sam 15:30, Saul’s response to sin: “I have sinned; yet honour me now, please, before the elders of my people and before Israel, and return with me, that I may worship the LORD your God.”

Psalm 51 gives detail to David’s repentance. David understands total depravity. In verses one to six he uses many different words to describe sin.

V3 ‘For I know my transgressions’
‘I know’ here means to have an intimate understanding and relationship with

V4 David accepts the justice of God.

V6-13 David seeks forgiveness for what he has done
V13 David wants to teach forgiveness as a result of being forgiven

First mention of Absalom found in 2 Sam 3:3
Absalom is the product of a mixed marriage
Absalom means ‘Father of Peace’.

2 Samuel 14:25-26 describes the appearance of Absalom.
‘Now in all Israel there was no one who was praised as much as Absalom for his good looks. From the sole of his foot to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him. And when he cut the hair of his head—at the end of every year he cut it because it was heavy on him—when he cut it, he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels according to the king’s standard’ Absalom practised self-idolatry

Pagan’s built monuments to let their names last forever. This is what Absalom did (2 Sam 18:18)
‘Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and set up a pillar for himself, which is in the King’s Valley. For he said, “I have no son to keep my name in remembrance.” He called the pillar after his own name. And to this day it is called Absalom’s Monument.’

‘I have no Son’ (2 Sam 18:18)? How does this fit with 2 Sam 14:27 which clearly states that Absalom had sons?
The names of the sons are not given in 2 Sam 14:27 this is because the sons had died in infancy.