Judges through Poets- 7a The Kingship of David Continued

David’s early successes: 2 Samuel 1-10 (lecture 6b)
David’s grievous sins: 11-12
David’s sorrow and repentance: 13- 24

David’s Grievous Sins, Sorrow and Repentance
2 Sam 11:1
David stays in Jerusalem when he should have been going out to battle
David commits adultery with Bathsheba then plots to kill Uriah. David’s sin was a planned sin.

Even though David sinned. David’s faith in God is testified in his works. David has genuine sorrow in his disobedience.

2 Sam 12- David’s response to Nathan’s confrontation
2 Sam 12:13, David response to sin, “I have sinned against the LORD.”

1 Sam 15:30, Saul’s response to sin: “I have sinned; yet honour me now, please, before the elders of my people and before Israel, and return with me, that I may worship the LORD your God.”

Psalm 51 gives detail to David’s repentance. David understands total depravity. In verses one to six he uses many different words to describe sin.

V3 ‘For I know my transgressions’
‘I know’ here means to have an intimate understanding and relationship with

V4 David accepts the justice of God.

V6-13 David seeks forgiveness for what he has done
V13 David wants to teach forgiveness as a result of being forgiven

First mention of Absalom found in 2 Sam 3:3
Absalom is the product of a mixed marriage
Absalom means ‘Father of Peace’.

2 Samuel 14:25-26 describes the appearance of Absalom.
‘Now in all Israel there was no one who was praised as much as Absalom for his good looks. From the sole of his foot to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him. And when he cut the hair of his head—at the end of every year he cut it because it was heavy on him—when he cut it, he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels according to the king’s standard’ Absalom practised self-idolatry

Pagan’s built monuments to let their names last forever. This is what Absalom did (2 Sam 18:18)
‘Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and set up a pillar for himself, which is in the King’s Valley. For he said, “I have no son to keep my name in remembrance.” He called the pillar after his own name. And to this day it is called Absalom’s Monument.’

‘I have no Son’ (2 Sam 18:18)? How does this fit with 2 Sam 14:27 which clearly states that Absalom had sons?
The names of the sons are not given in 2 Sam 14:27 this is because the sons had died in infancy.


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